The Chicago Manual of Style

Buddhist scholars prefer footnotes rather than parenthetical notes(in-text citation), thus CMS (The Chicago Manual of Style) is recommended:

  • We use round brackets () for technical terms to define their original Pali or Sanskrit, and for abbreviations to quote from primary sources (e.g. D22).

  • We use square brackets [] for added-information for translation texts. Or insert your own words into quoted materials.